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melatonin for children?

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Kelsey Ringgold

Kelsey Ringgold

Your Sleep Consultant

Back in the 90’s there was a book that went pretty viral for its content regarding DIY health care called, “The Doctors Book of Home Remedies”, and when I first heard about it, i have to admit I was fascinated by the information.
Try rubbing aspirin on a bee sting!
Quiet a colicky baby by running the vacuum cleaner!
Swallow a teaspoon of sugar to cure your hiccups!
I’m not sure what it is that I found so fascinating about curing ailments with common objects they
had lying around the house, but obviously I wasn’t the only one. The book has sold something like
16 million copies and is still available on Amazon today.
One of the big selling points of cures like these is that they’re “natural.” We’re not taking some lab designed chemical to solve the problem. We’re using something that’s readily available in nature.
You know. Like aspirin.
I should stipulate here that I’m not anti-homeopathy, nor am I anti-pharmaceutical. I feel
that health decisions are something that should be carefully considered by the individual with the
advice of their doctor. If probiotics will improve your gut health, I say go for it. If you need serious
medication to lower your cholesterol, then you should probably take that too.
But anything your going to put in your body, and every bit as importantly, your child’s body, should
be evaluated for its efficacy and possible side effects, which is why I think we should have a
quick talk about melatonin.

Melatonin has been touted by a lot of homeopathic experts as a safe, natural way of helping people
get to sleep, and in a lot of ways, that actually very true, but there’s a whole lot more to understand
about it before you take it yourself or give it to your child.
So what is it, exactly? Well, melatonin is a hormone that is secreted from the pineal gland that
helps to settle your body and mind down when it’s time to sleep. How exactly it does that is a very complicated process and involves more biology that I can possibly hope to understand, much less
explain. So in the simplest terms, melatonin is your brain’s way of drawing the curtains for the night.
Cortisol is its counterpart, which opens them back up, and the two together make up a large part of
what we call our “body clock,” but more on that later.
An important point here is that melatonin is not a traditional sleep aid. As Dr. Luis Buenaver, a sleep
expert from Johns Hopkins explains it, “Your body produces melatonin naturally. It doesn’t make you
sleep, but as melatonin levels rise in the evening it puts you into a state of quiet wakefulness that
helps promote sleep.”How does our body know when to start producing melatonin? Quite naturally, actually. When it starts to get dark, the body recognizes the onset of night, and gets the melatonin pumps up and running.
That worked like a charm for a couple of hundred thousand years, until we invented the light bulb.
And the television. And the smartphone. And the laptop.
Nowadays our eyes are flooded with so much artificial light that it can be difficult for our brains to determine when night is actually coming on, and it can interfere with melatonin production. That can mess up our body clocks
and contribute to insomnia.
Now, in some cases, jet-lag and working night shift being the biggest two, a melatonin supplement
can help reset our body clocks if they’ve been thrown out of whack, but it’s not a solution to
sleep issues. My first piece of advice to people who are having trouble sleeping is to turn off
their screens a couple of hours before bed, turn down the house lights, and come up with a bedtime
routine. Let your body know that it’s time to sleep, and it’ll do almost all of the leg work for you.
Side note: This is not the case for insomniacs. People with psychological or physical conditions that
inhibit their sleep should definitely consult with their physicians.
Now, when it comes to kids, all of this information still applies. Newborns are something of an
exception, as they don’t start producing melatonin and cortisol until they’re about 2 months old.
Until then, they’re kind of flying by the seat of their pants, sleep-wise, as I’m sure you probably
already know if you have any of your own. But past the 2 month mark, they start to establish a 24-
hour light-dark sleep cycle, which is the standard sleep cycle that we follow throughout our lives.
So now we get to the big question… “Will giving my child melatonin help them sleep through the
night?”
And the answer is, “No it will not.”
It might help them GET to sleep at night, but it will not help them stay asleep.
This isn’t just my opinion, by the way. This is the general consensus of sleep specialist, researchers,
and doctors worldwide. The National Sleep Foundation has found that, “…when scientists conduct
tests to compare melatonin as a “sleeping pill” to a placebo (sugar pill) most studies show no benefit
of melatonin.”

I do think being fully informed is important, of course. Melatonin is a hormone and can have serious
side effects. There have also been studies that showed early sexual development in animal subjects
given melatonin, but the link in human children hasn’t been established.
Again, I am not in any way against homeopathic or naturopathic medicine. Even in cases where the
effects are psychological, and for some people, melatonin does indeed get them to sleep quicker
and help them sleep through the night. If it’s just a placebo effect for some of them, no biggie.
They’re getting the sleep they need and that’s vitally important in its own right.
But when it comes to young kids, I feel that it’s essential for us as parents to teach them the skills
they need to fall asleep and stay asleep on their own.
And here’s the good news. Kids and sleep go together like biscuits and gravy. They need a LOT
of sleep, and for a short period on their lives, everything in their bodies is tuned to help ensure
they get it. All they need from us is a little guidance and a determination to step out of the way
sometimes so they can develop the ability to get to sleep and stay asleep on their own.
You can check out some of my other blog posts for tips on how to teach independent sleep skills, since this
is already getting a little wordy, but giving them any kind of sleep
aid is definitely not the answer, whether it’s melatonin or Benadryl.
Just like learning any other skill, it takes practice and time. There’s no supplement that can teach you how to play an instrument, teach you long division, or sharpen your golf game. Sleep is, in essence, exactly
the same thing. It’s a skill that needs to be developed, and once it is, it comes easily and naturally, so before you reach for the pills, try establishing a predictable, consistent bedtime routine, shutting down the TVs and tablets a couple of hours before bed, and encouraging your child to fall asleep without feeding, rocking, or other forms of outside help. I promise you, the results will be better than anything you’ll get from a pill, and they’ll last them a lifetime.

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